indolent (slow-growing) type of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
marked by abnormal levels of IgM antibodies in the blood and
an enlarged liver, spleen or lymph nodes. Also called
that prevents blood from clotting. It belongs to the family
of drugs called anticoagulants (blood thinners).
raised growth on the surface of the skin or other organ.
Closely monitoring a patient's condition but withholding
treatment until symptoms appear or change. Also called
Nasturtium officinale. Parts of the flowering plant have
been used in some cultures to treat certain medical
problems. It may have anticancer effects. Also called Indian
blood cell. Refers to a blood cell that does not contain
hemoglobin. White blood cells include lymphocytes,
neutrophils, eosinophils, macrophages and mast cells. These
cells are made by bone marrow and help the body fight
infection and other diseases. Also called white blood cell.
surgical procedure to remove a triangle-shaped slice of
tissue. It may be used to remove a tumor and a small amount
of normal tissue around it.
well-differentiated lymphocytic lymphoma
indolent (slow-growing) type of B-cell non-Hodgkin’s
lymphoma marked by swollen lymph nodes that usually occurs
in people older than 50 years. It is very similar to a form
of leukemia called chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Also
called small lymphocytic lymphoma.
rare, inherited disorder that affects the endocrine glands
and can cause tumors in the parathyroid and pituitary glands
and the pancreas. These tumors (usually benign) cause the
glands to secrete high levels of hormones, which can lead to
other medical problems, such as kidney stones, fertility
problems and severe ulcers. In some cases, tumors inside the
pancreas can become cancerous. Also called multiple
endocrine adenomatosis, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1
syndrome and MEN1 syndrome.
system in which medical doctors and other healthcare
professionals (such as nurses, pharmacists and therapists)
treat symptoms and diseases using drugs, radiation, or
surgery. Also called conventional medicine, mainstream
medicine, orthodox medicine, biomedicine and allopathic
of surgery used to treat pancreatic cancer. The head of the
pancreas, the duodenum, a portion of the stomach and other
nearby tissues are removed.
white blood cell
Refers to a blood cell that does not contain hemoglobin.
White blood cells include lymphocytes, neutrophils,
eosinophils, macrophages and mast cells. These cells are
made by bone marrow and help the body fight infection and
other diseases. Also called WBC.
Whitmore-Jewett staging system
A staging system for prostate cancer that uses ABCD. “A” and
“B” refer to cancer that is confined to the prostate. “C”
refers to cancer that has grown out of the prostate but has
not spread to lymph nodes or other places in the body. “D”
refers to cancer that has spread to lymph nodes or to other
places in the body. Also called the ABCD rating or the
Jewett staging system.
whole cell vaccine
Vaccine made from whole tumor cells that have been changed
in the laboratory.
A serious bacterial infection of the lungs and breathing
tubes that spreads easily. Whooping cough begins like a
cold, but develops into severe coughing and gasping for air.
Long spells of coughing may cause vomiting, and broken blood
vessels in the eyes and on the skin. Also called pertussis.
wide local excision
Surgery to cut out the cancer and some healthy tissue around
Trifolium pratense. A plant with flowers that has been used
in some cultures to treat certain medical problems. It is
being studied in the relief of menopausal symptoms and may
have anticancer effects. Also called red clover, purple
clover and Trifolium pratense.
legal document in which a person states what is to be done
with his or her property after death, who is to carry out
the terms of the will, and who is to care for any minor
disease in which malignant (cancer) cells are found in the
kidney, and may spread to the lungs, liver or nearby lymph
nodes. Wilms' tumor usually occurs in children younger than
5 years old.
airway that leads from the larynx (voice box) to the bronchi
(large airways that lead to the lungs). Also called trachea.
The last tooth to come in at the back of each side of the
upper and lower jaws. Wisdom teeth usually come in between
17 and 23 years of age, but not everyone has them. Also
called third molar.
mixture made from an extract of the calf thymus gland and
enzymes (proteins that speed up chemical reactions in the
body) from the papaya plant, the pancreas of cows, and the
pancreas of pigs. It has been used in Europe as a treatment
for a variety of cancers and for herpes virus infections.
small, hollow, pear-shaped organ in a woman's pelvis. This
is the organ in which a baby grows. Also called the uterus.
break in the skin or other body tissues caused by injury or
surgical incision (cut).